Area II talks about sexism from inside the K-pop together with possible affect people and communities general

Area II talks about sexism from inside the K-pop together with possible affect people and communities general

In the event all the K-pop fandom try targeted at men idols, that it papers concentrates primarily on intimate objectification, lookism, and you will sexism in the lady idols’ musical and also the prospective affect fans’ (primarily younger ladies) intercourse perceptions

It is essential to study this particular part of K-pop music since it is more tricky when considering the latest dim truth off sex factors for the Korea: Even in the event Korea has successfully modernized its cost savings, it lags much trailing most other OECD (Organization to own Financial Co-process and you can Innovation) places when it comes to intercourse equivalence ( Bethmann & Rudolf, 2016 ; Rudolf & Kang, 2015 ). Presenting this new largest sex pay pit in addition to terrible functioning ecosystem for ladies certainly one of rich countries, Korea’s ranks on International Intercourse Pit Directory is towards the level having Muslim-most places well-known for their discrimination facing females and you may ranked well beneath the stubbornly patriarchal Japan ( GGGR, 2015 ; PwC, 2017 ; New Economist, 2016 ).

Students were viewing and you may criticizing the latest very sexualized, tend to sexist blogs, plus the propagation regarding lookism into the K-pop music and you will revealing their prospective affect K-pop music fans. In line with this type of discussions and you will accepting the deficiency of hard evidence throughout the discussion, so it report proposes the following theory: In the event the K-pop music actually promotes sexist basics and the objectification of females (while the created in point II), their around the world achievements have negative effects toward growth of intercourse equality internationally. ; and you may 2) What is the matchmaking anywhere between K-pop music fandom and you will fans’ thinking toward department out of labor between someone contained in this and you may beyond your family?

This research primarily results in the existing books on following a couple implies. Basic, that with a separate and you can freshly gathered investigation band of six,317 observations of one hundred countries, this study contributes unusual tough empirical proof to the discussion out of exactly how K-pop affects fans’ sex attitudes. 2nd, the study reveals just how sexism, lookism, and you will sexualization may not just be delicate cultural products, but could actually dictate private attitudes about paid down and you will tendermeets Profielen unpaid really works shall be separated anywhere between gents and ladies. However, it has to be also detailed that research does not want to measure people causal outcomes. Given the limits of a combination-sectional questionnaire structure, efficiency have to be translated given that correlations in lieu of causation.

Hence, the study issues as checked-out are listed below: 1) What’s the dating amongst the amount of K-pop music fandom (mentioned by one’s determination to fund K-pop music factors and you may items) and personal sex thinking?

The rest of this information is prepared as follows. This can deliver the conceptual reason behind the study theory and you can the newest empirical studies. Section III brings up the fresh survey build, investigation put and you will details, and gift ideas descriptive analytics of the parameters utilized in this research. Point IV gift suggestions new empirical strategy used for analysis and empirical results. Area V comes to an end this article.

Sexism, like sexist thinking toward people, and therefore largely stem from antique stereotypes in the sex roles, is one of the chief culprits you to definitely substitute the way out-of gender equivalence. Previous studies have examined intercourse-role stereotyping for the songs movies ( Aubrey & Frisby, 2011 ; Kalof, 1999 ; Kistler & Lee, 2009 ; Seidman, 1992 ) or any other media variations ( Lauzen, Dozier, & Horan, 2008 ; Wood, 1994 ), and discovered you to definitely as compared to men, women are more likely to become sexually objectified and you can held so you can stricter physical appearance conditions. Additionally, ladies are including will illustrated in manners one stresses traditional gender roles: males was indeed healthier, dominant, aggressive, and you will violent, if you’re people were likely to getting demonstrated since the poor, built, submissive, and you will nurturing. While some K-pop teams and you will idols frequently difficulty conventional sex jobs using their androgynous otherwise homoerotic imageries (such as, Amber off f(x), Jo Kwon away from 2AM, and Lee Hong-gi out of F.T. Island) and remind a lot more egalitarian intercourse thinking, all of the traditional K-pop music musicians and artists, such as lady organizations, was compliant to your popular stereotypes.

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